Zapraszamy w piątek 23.10.2020 o godz. 12:15 na seminarium.
Seminarium ONLINE pod tytułem: "Moving quantum baths: From black holes to dry friction" poprowadzi, Alejandro Jenkins, ICTQT
Abstract: We describe the dynamics of a quantum field coupled to a moving heat bath, in the formalism of the Markovian master equation for the field considered as an open system. We apply this to the superradiance of a rotating black hole, which provides a useful paradigm for understanding other irreversible active processes. Fermions can't superradiate, but work may be extracted from their motion-induced population inversion in the presence of two baths. We argue that this describes the triboelectric effect (the charging of rough surfaces by rubbing). We also apply this formalism to shock waves, fleshing out Zel'dovich's intuition that in this case "quantum mechanics helps understand classical mechanics”, and Ginzburg’s insight that "radiation during the uniform motion of various sources is a universal phenomenon rather than an eccentricity”. Finally, we argue that our interpretation of the triboelectric effect offers a qualitatively new mechanism for CP violation in fundamental physics.
Zapraszamy w środę 29.07.2020 o godz. 14:00 na seminarium.
Seminarium ONLINE pod tytułem: "IBell Nonlocality and the Reality of Quantum Wavefunction" poprowadzi Manik Banik, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (Thiruvananthapuram)
Abstract: Status of quantum wavefunction is one of the most debated issues in quantum foundations -- whether it corresponds directly to the reality or just represents knowledge or information about some aspect of reality. In this work we propose a ψ-ontology theorem addressing this question. Our theorem invokes an assumption, called `no ontic retro-causality', about the underlying ontological model. We provide physical rationale for this assumption and discuss novelty of the present theorem over the existing ones. At the core of our derivation we utilize another seminal no-go result by John S. Bell that rules out any it local realistic world view for quantum theory. We show that Bell nonlocality excludes the ontological explanations where quantum wavefunction is treated as mere information, viz. the ψ-epistemic explanations. In fact, models even with some degree of epistemicity can not fully incorporate the phenomena of Bell nonlocality observed in quantum theory.
Zapraszamy w środę 01.07.2020 o godz. 14:00 na seminarium.
Seminarium ONLINE pod tytułem: "Is the mystery of wave-particle duality in quantum mechanics captured by Contextuality?" poprowadzi Giovanni Scala, University of Bari
Abstract: Wave-particle duality is considered to be one of the true misteries of quantum theory. However its core phenomenology can be reproduced by a local and noncontextual ontological model for particularly designed interferometric setup. Open is the question whether there is a connection between wave-particlle duality and contextuality in general scenarios. In this talk we focus on Englert's inequality that provides a quantitatively description of wave-particle duality in terms of visibility and distinguishability. The goal of this project is to explore whether contextuality is necessary for saturating the inequality for any values of visibility and distinguishability.
Zapraszamy w środę 24.06.2020 o godz. 14:00 na seminarium.
Seminarium ONLINE pod tytułem: "General Probabilistic Theories with a Gleason-type Theorem" poprowadzi Victoria Wright, UG / ICTQT
Abstract: General probabilistic theories are shown to admit a Gleason-type theorem if and only if they satisfy the no-restriction hypothesis, or a "noisy" version of the hypothesis. Therefore, in precisely these theories we recover the state space by assuming that (i) states consistently assign probabilities to measurement outcomes and (ii) there is a unique state for every such assignment.
Zapraszamy w środę 10.06.2020 o godz. 14:00 na seminarium.
Seminarium ONLINE pod tytułem: "Thermodynamics of Minimal Coupling Quantum Heat Engines" poprowadzi Marcin Łobejko, UG / ICTQT
Abstract: The minimal-coupling quantum heat engine is a thermal machine consisting of an explicit energy storage system, heat baths, and a working body, which couples alternatively to subsystems through discrete steps - energy conserving two-body quantum operations. Within this paradigm, it is presented a general framework of quantum thermodynamics, where a process of the work extraction is fundamentally limited by a flow of non-passive energy (ergotropy), while energy dissipation is expressed through a flow of passive energy. The main result is finding the optimal efficiency and work extracted per cycle of the three-stroke engine with the two-level working body. One of key new tools is the introduced "control-marginal state" - one which acts only on a working body Hilbert space but encapsulates all the features of total working body-battery system regarding work extraction.
Zapraszamy w środę 03.06.2020 o godz. 14:00 na seminarium.
Seminarium ONLINE pod tytułem: "Device-independent quantum cryptography in the multipartite scenario" poprowadzi Gláucia Murta, Heinrich-Heine-Universitat Dusseldorf
Abstract: Going beyond the simple two-party scenario of quantum key distribution, we consider N parties who wish to certify security against a potential eavesdropper in a cryptographic task. Moreover, we consider the very adversarial scenario in which the parties make no assumption about the underlying quantum system or the internal working of their measurement devices. This is the device-independent scenario. In the device-independent scenario, security is certified by the violation of a Bell inequality. In this talk I will present our recent results on bounds on Eve's uncertainty as a function of the violation of the multipartite MABK Bell inequality. I will discuss the implication of these results to cryptographic tasks, such as randomness expansion and conference key agreement. Finally, I discuss the challenges and possibilities to extend our results to other Bell inequalities, which can lead to better cryptographic protocols.
Zapraszamy w środę 20.05.2020 o godz. 14:00 na seminarium.
Seminarium ONLINE pod tytułem: "No Entropy Production in Quantum Thermodynamics" poprowadzi Borhan Ahmadi
Abstract: I am going to give a controversial seminar concerning entropy production in quantum thermodynamics. I will show that there exists a fundamental difference between microscopic quantum thermodynamics and macroscopic classical thermodynamics. It will be proved that the entropy production in quantum thermodynamics always vanishes for both closed and open quantum systems! This novel and the very surprising result is derived based on the genuine reasoning Clausius used to establish the science of thermodynamics. This result will interestingly lead to defining the generalized temperature for any non-equilibrium quantum system.
Zapraszamy w środę 13.05.2020 o godz. 14:00 na seminarium.
Seminarium ONLINE pod tytułem: "(Semi-)device-independent certification of mutually unbiased bases" poprowadzi Máté Farkas, UG/ICTQT
As quantum technologies advance, the certification of high-dimensional quantum devices becomes more and more relevant. This is essential both for verifying the outcome of quantum computations, and for guaranteeing the security of cryptographic devices. In this talk, I will focus on the certification of quantum measurement devices performing measurements in mutually unbiased bases (MUBs) in arbitrary dimension. MUBs have a myriad of applications in quantum information processing, and therefore these measurement devices constitute basic building blocks of computational and cryptographic devices. I will discuss how to give a characterisation of MUBs that is suitable for semi-device-independent (SDI) certification, that is, certification under the assumption of fixed Hilbert space dimension. Then I will present a protocol that allows for experimental SDI certification of MUBs in arbitrary dimensions (that has since been demonstrated experimentally in dimension 4). Furthermore, I will discuss a relaxed device-independent (DI) characterisation of MUBs, referred to as mutually unbiased measurements (MUMs). While MUMs are strictly more general than MUBs, they share many operational characteristics, and I will present a protocol that allows for their DI certification.
Zapraszamy w środę 06.05.2020 o godz. 14:00 na seminarium.
Seminarium ONLINE pod tytułem: "Why standard entanglement theory is inappropriate for the study of Bell scenarios" poprowadzi David Schmid, University of Waterloo / Perimeter Institute
A standard approach to quantifying resources is to determine which operations on the resources are freely available and to deduce the ordering relation among the resources that these operations induce. If the resource of interest is the nonclassicality of the correlations embodied in a quantum state, that is, entanglement, then it is typically presumed that the appropriate choice of free operations is local operations and classical communication (LOCC). We here argue that, in spite of the near-universal endorsement of the LOCC paradigm by the quantum information community, this is the wrong choice for one of the most prominent applications of entanglement theory, namely, the study of Bell scenarios. The nonclassicality of correlations in such scenarios, we argue, should be quantified instead by local operations and shared randomness (LOSR). We support this thesis by showing that various perverse features of the interplay between entanglement and nonlocality are merely an artifact of the use of LOCC-entanglement and that the interplay between LOSR-entanglement and nonlocality is natural and intuitive. Specifically, we show that the LOSR paradigm (i) provides a resolution of the "anomaly of nonlocality", wherein partially entangled states exhibit more nonlocality than maximally entangled states, (ii) entails a notion of genuine multipartite entanglement that is distinct from the conventional one and which is free of several of its pathological features, and (iii) makes possible a resource-theoretic account of the self-testing of entangled states which simplifies and generalizes prior results. Along the way, we derive some fundamental results concerning the necessary and sufficient conditions for convertibility between pure entangled states under LOSR and highlight some of their consequences, such as the impossibility of catalysis for bipartite pure states.
Zapraszamy w czwartek 07.05.2020 o godz. 14:00 na seminarium.
Seminarium ONLINE pod tytułem: "Analiza toru oddechowego - podejście pierwsze" poprowadzi dr Beata Graff (GUMed).